110+ Best Rangoli Designs, patterns Simple & easy for Diwali

rangoli kolam - 1

Rangoli Designs, patterns & Images for Diwali & competition

Rangoli is the old custom of India. It is the part of Indian holy rituals and heritage. From many years, housewives draw Rangoli. Being an old tradition, the core idea to draw Rangoli passed through generations. Senior people of a family emphasise the juniors to learn to draw the Rangoli designs.


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Now this tradition is also developed with new rangoli patters & ideas of using a variety of colours and material. In old age, rangoli was made by using rice powder. Then more colours were extracted from leaves, indigo and trees, which are known as natural dyes. But nowadays artificial colours are also used to make Rangoli. Colours are extracted in powder form by crushing silky and shiny stones. The powder is finely crushed as it put down easily to draw a sequence in the rangoli patterns. Hence, a simple Rangoli designs can be made by adding multiple items like rice powder, dye powder, turmeric powder, cereals, pulses, chilly, flowers petals and small lamps (diyas) etc.

The Rangoli patterns may differ with respect to the area but all the designs have balance and sequential flow of colours. In this new age, Rangoli art is made in various colours and designs. All the sides of a Rangoli design are patterned. Every design expresses particular phenomena.  Most of the Rangoli designs are inspired by different flowers, nature, birds, coconut, and Indian Idols.

Rangoli art is famous by different names in different areas of India like:

  • In Maharashtra, it is known by “Rangoli”
  • In Bengal, it is known by “Alpan”
  • In South India, it is known by “Kolam

Rangoli designs has two major characteristics:

  • Symmetric designs: Symmetry in Rangoli designs symbolically presents the growth, prosperity, and fate.
  • Round edge Designs: All the designs have rounded ends. It shows peace, love and calm.

Traditionally, Rangoli designs were included the plants and animals for example flowers, leaves, coconut, lotus and elephant, cow, parrots, swans, horses etc. This art was learned through forefathers. Nowadays, this tradition is learned effectively through Rangoli designs books, magazines and the internet. A variety of Rangoli art, books & images is available on different sites. Girls are more interested in learning new Rangoli images and Rangoli design for Diwali. They prefer to present Rangoli in a variety of material. Special designs are created on different occasions and competition.

When Rangoli Art Is Done

Indian people draw Rangoli designs on different occasions. On every occasion, there may be certain reasons to draw it. Every occasion relates Rangoli to specific feelings and gratitude. However, Diwali is the most famous related occasion to Rangoli. Some other occasions are:

  • It is drawn to give a warm welcome to the guests at home.
  • It is drawn on weddings to show happiness.
  • It is drawn on holy events to express their spiritual feelings of celebration
  • It is drawn for particular worship to associate their auspicious feelings.
  • It is drawn on different cultural festivals to add variety to the activities.

Tips To Make Rangoli Designs

Rangoli designs depend on the theme of the occasion. In Indian culture, every occasion has its certain celebrations. Rangoli relates the feelings to the celebration. Various designs of rangoli are used for different events.  Whatever the design of rangoli, these simple tips can help you better to make easy and simple rangoli design. The art of rangoli depends on the skills of the person because it is made by hands.  More expert persons can make more complex designs.  The following steps would help you make Rangoli.

  • First, select a best rangoli designs and with pencil try to draw on a paper.
  • Thoroughly clean the floor.
  • Create the dotted points according to the Rangoli Designs.
  • Join all the dots with white Rangoli powder according to the drawing on paper.
  • Outline the design with white Rangoli Powder.
  • Fill up the design by using different colours.


How to make Rangoli

The art of rangoli depends on the skills of the person because it is made by hands.  More expert persons can make more complex designs.  A pinch of powder is spread finely through thumb and index finger. A line is usually drawn by index finger like a pencil.  Colours are pattern in a fine proportion by smooth finger motion. The following steps would help you make Rangoli.

Rangoli Designs for competitions

Different rangoli designs are created with the help of specific patterns. Patterns may include any geometrical figures or motifs or the combination of both. Different rangoli functions or competitions are also now organised in offices, schools, colleges, clubs, and societies with a special theme.  People excitedly participate in the contest. They search for the designs and patterns which can help to win the prize in competition. Kids take more interest in competitions. This intensive induction of Rangoli is also playing a role to transfer this tradition to next generations. So this cultural and spiritual activity may not be obsolete in the modern era.

Here is the list of themes based Rangoli designs for competitions

  • Flower Theme: In this theme mostly Lotus, Lilly or Rose are used to make Rangoli pattern. It must be made by using the combination of bright and light colours to give the natural effect.
  • Peacock Theme: This theme is very common in Rangoli competitions. Use of colour shades for feathers will give the Rangoli design more artistic impression.
  • Portrait Theme: For this type of Rangoli art, any portrait of famous personality can be made.
  • Scenic Theme: Choose any natural scene to draw with colours on the floor and add the natural view to Rangoli images.
  • Kids Theme: Any kids’ cartoonish character or a scene from fantasy world can be selected for this kind of Rangoli design.
  • Message Theme: Any social message can be given by drawing the Rangoli design in competitions.
  • Ritual Theme: In this theme, designs related to Lord Ganesh, Ganpati, Vitthal , Shiva etc can be used. The design must be comprised of vibrant colours. It can be the best choice to draw in competitions during Holi, Diwali, Dussehra, New Year.

This article carries all the aspects related to the art of Rangoli in India. The significance of Rangoli with respect to different aspects will help you to understand its importance on different events. It can be clearly concluded that a Diwali event of Indians is incomplete without drawing the Rangoli. The idea of theme based Rangoli is also emerging to put the interest of youngsters in this old tradition. List of themes for Rangoli will help you to select any theme if you are organising or participate in any kind of Rangoli designs competition.

Rangoli Designs for Diwali

In Hinduism, there are so many traditions and events which are celebrated on specific occasions, seasons or months. Rangoli is one of the most common activities for celebrating an event. Especially, it is made on an event of “Diwali” in which they present gratitude to their gods & goddess. It is actually an art of expressions which is made by using different colours. The feelings and emotions are expressed by spreading the colours in an artistic way. It is the symbolic presentation of mannerism, hospitality, good luck and happiness.  That’s why each and every Indian draw Rangoli designs for Diwali.

Diwali is the biggest festival of India. It is also known as “Deepawali” or festival of lights. This event comprises of four days.  All days are celebrated with different traditions. Indians enjoy this event with great happiness.

Every day of Diwali has a specific importance on a specific story. All the days are celebrated with lights and firecrackers and rangolis, which indicate the joy of Indians. According to their belief firecrackers show their happiness to their god and inform their gods that they are doing it only for them.

The Rangoli art brings sacred feelings in Indians. Diwali is the main event to draw rangoli. They make it on floors to decorate their homes and streets to express their happiness, emotions, feelings for some purpose. Various attractive rangoli designs for Diwali are preferred in this event. Multiple materials are used to give a glowing effect to rangolis.

Markets of India give a glamorous view with the material of Rangoli. All the members of the home specially ladies whether they are old or young interested in designing a Rangoli for diwali. Everyone wants to make the best rangoli on Diwali. People contribute to each other to make a big size Rangoli on streets. Aged, youngsters and kids participate vigorously decorate that big size Rangoli. Especially small lamps are used on Diwali to decor the Rangoli. This art of Rangoli adds variety to the event. Many competitions are organised on Diwali festival.

Rangoli Patterns

These are some patterns which are used to create a particular design of Rangoli.

  1. Form dominant pattern: In these kinds of designs, geographical patterns (circles, cones, lines, and curves) are made.
  2. Ornamental Pattern: These designs are based on the appearance of birds, animals, flowers, nature, coconut, Indian idols etc.
  3. Chain Pattern: A chain is created by joining two parallel lines through two curves.
  4. Petals design: 8 petals are drawn in rangoli. It represents the universe, Sun, and Diety Vishnu.
  5. Dot Pattern: With the help of dots different lines and curves are created, which forms a shape of a specific bird, flower, or animal.


Why Rangoli Patterns Are Complicated

Mostly the designs of rangoli are complicated. There is the reason behind it. Human mind comes across positive and negative thoughts. Positive thoughts give positive feelings and response but negative thoughts bring the bad response. Spiritually it’s a belief that the rangoli design provoked some kind of positive thoughts in human mind.  So the negative thoughts are tangled with the complexity of rangoli. Ultimately the rangoli absorbs all evils and harms. Rangolis are made at the entrance of the home, with the belief that it will be a source of happiness, energy and prosperity.

The spiritual and scientific reasons are also associated with this art of rangoli; that is stated below:

Spiritual Reason of Drawing Rangoli designs

There is also a spiritual reason behind the creation of this art. In Hinduism, the act of drawing Rangoli is a source of some feelings. It works as an intention point for Hindus with a thought related to a particular event. When a lady draws Rangoli in or outside of her house, she feels the energy in herself. This energy makes her belief strong that this will protect her family from all evils. Colours of Rangoli bring calmness. The symmetry of Rangoli helps to keep entire attention. With a Rangoli art, you are spiritually connected to the event with all your thoughts and emotions. So the Hindus relate the art of Rangoli to their spiritual need on their holy events, deity festivals, and weddings.


Scientific Reason of Drawing Rangoli design

Rangoli concept is not alone with its spiritual importance, but it also has scientific reasons. To explain the scientific reason, first need to understand the connection of sound and harmonics. Sound comprises of several harmonics, and each harmonic has its own frequency. When a perfect sequence of harmonics is made, a sound is produced.

The pleasing sound has a soothing impact on our mind. Same is the case with colours and patterns of Rangoli. Our brain stimulates by colours and patterns. It has different special effects depending on patterns and shapes.  In Rangoli, when colours are arranged in different patterns, it manifests into sensations in mind and gives feelings of calmness and happiness.

Old Tradition of Rangoli patterns

Rangoli is an old tradition of Indian civilisation. Its designs vary from state to state in India. Particular designs and patterns are made in different areas of India and these were called “Kolam”. This is the old tradition of rangoli designs. Typically, Kolam is drawn with the help of rice floor, so that it becomes the food for ants and insects on the floor. Indian old ancestors prefer to draw Kolam. They believe that if they will feed the insects, it will become the source of sanction for them. This tradition is now very less in India as people draw rangoli with chemicals or artificial material.

In old tradition, Rangoli is made by a head lady of the house. She wakes up early in the morning, takes a bath, worships the god and draws the rangoli, mostly at the entrance of the home. She sings their holy mantras while creating the rangoli. At that time, she thinks and feels that no any evil give harm to him and her family. In the modern age, the concept of creating rangoli is although the same but responsibility of drawing the rangoli is shifted to the young lady of the house.

For more information about Rangoli refer this link : Rangoli Wikipedia.

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4 Responses

  1. Pragati Naikwadi says:

    I love this ragoli . So nice

  2. yashvi modi says:

    I love made rangolis …

  3. subin says:

    Very nice

  4. kalyani says:

    Very nice rangoli …

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